Printed Photography. Image and Propaganda in Portugal (1934-1974)


© Biblioteca de Arte – Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian; Exposição do Mundo Português; Colecção Estúdio Mário Novais e Horácio Novais

Reference: PTDC/CPC-HAT/4533/2014
Funding  institution: FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
Starting date: May 2016
Ending date: December 2018



The object of the project PRINTED PHOTOGRAPHY: IMAGE AND PROPAGANDA IN PORTUGAL, 1934-1974 is to identify, analyze and discuss the photographic image printed as propaganda instruments by the Portuguese «New State» from 1934 to end of the regime in April 1974. 1934 is indeed the first moment when printed photography was put to the service of the dictatorship by the National Secretariat for Propaganda (SPN) in the exhibition produced for the 1st Congress of the regime’s single party, «National Union», and the 1st Colonial Exhibition in Oporto.
Photography as an object of study arrived late in Portugal. António Sena’s 1998 book, History of Photographic Image in Portugal, 1839-1997, remains the main reference given its considerable body of images and texts about more than 150 years of photography in Portugal. Lately, several new theoretical studies have enriched the history of photography in the country, such as E. Tavares (2009), S. Martins (2011) and A. Barrocas (2014) among others.
The concept of printed photography that guides our project concerns the photographic images that we will select from an extensive archival of publications composed of magazines and propaganda albums with different objectives and creative forms which may regard commemorations, voyages, landscapes and monuments as well as ethnographic explorations. Printed photography in Portugal will be conceived as a place of intersection between modernity and the requirements of politics (Mendelson, 2007: 9-17).
Main Research Area
Social Sciences and Humanities
Secondary Research Area
Cultures and Cultural Production – Art History
Printed Photography
Image and Propaganda
“New State” Portugal
Art History
Funding:  139.965,00€


Main Contractor
Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas (FCSH/NOVA)
Participating Institutions
Faculdade de Belas-Artes da Universidade de Lisboa (FBA/UL)
Direcção-Geral do Livro, dos Arquivos e das Bibliotecas (DGLAB)
ISCTE – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL)
Main Research Unit
Instituto de História da Arte (IHA-FCSH/NOVA)
Additional Research Units
Centro de Estudos sobre a Mudança Socioeconómica e o Território (Dinâmia/CET-IUL/ISCTE-IUL)
Centro de Investigação e de Estudos em Belas-Artes (CIEBA/FBA/UL)
Principal Investigator
Filomena Serra (IHA-FCSH/NOVA)
Afonso Manuel Freitas Cortez-Pinto (IHA-FCSH/NOVA);
Bruno Marques (IHA-FCSH/NOVA);
José António Gomes de Oliveira (IHA-FCSH/NOVA);
Natasha Finz Machado Paulino Revez (IHA-FCSH/NOVA);
Paula Cristina André dos Ramos Pinto (Dinâmia/CET-IUL/ISCTE-IUL);
Sofia Leal Rodrigues (CIEBA/FBA/UL);
Susana Maria Simões Martins (IHA-FCSH/NOVA).
Israel Guarda (IHA-FCSH/NOVA).
José Oliveira (Dinâmia/CET-IUL/ISCTE-IUL);
Research fellows
3 MA BI’s to be opened
Project Consultants
Eduardo Cintra Coimbra Torres, Specialist of Media and Communication Studies, Professor at the Catholic University (Lisbon), Journalist and TV critic, he published several books on the media Public and on the Public Crowd. Multidão e Televisão: Representações Contemporâneas da Efervescência Colectiva (Lisbon, UCE, 2013).…
Margarida Maria Acciaiuoli de Brito, Art Historian, chair at the FCSH, UNOVALisboa, specialized on the «New State» period, published among others publications, namely on great 1940 Exhibition:  Exposições do Estado Novo (L. Horizonte, 1998); António Ferro, a Vertigem da Palavra (Bizâncio, 2013)
Manuel Villaverde Cabral, ICS Emeritus Professor, Historian, Sociologist and Political Scientist, former Director of the National Library; Vice-rector of the Lisbon University; as well as ICS President; among many other activities he was Research Fellow Oxford University and Chair of Portuguese History at King’s College, London. Expert on Contemporary Portugal, including Media and Propaganda; Portuguese social attitudes; citizenship dimensions in comparative perspective.
Paul Michael Melo e Castro, Lecturer of the University of Leeds, is a relevant researcher in the area of the Lusophone literature, film and visual culture. He published several works in theses domain. He single authored the book Shades of Grey: 1960s Lisbon in Novel, Film and Photography (MHRA Texts & Dissertations, 2011).
Margarida Medeiros, Professor at the Communication Sciences Department of FCSH/UNOVALisboa, and researcher in the areas of Photography Theory, Visual Culture, Image History, Photography and Film Studies. She published both books and critic opinion in several newspapers and magazines. Among many others publications she publishes “Fotogramas – Ensaios sobre a Fotografia” (Documenta, 2015);Photography and Cinema-after 50 Years of Chris Marker’s La Jetée (Cambridge Scholars Publishers, 2015).
Renato de Andrade Lessa, brasilian political scientist and philosopher, he is the current president of the Brazilian National Library (Rio de Janeiro), and the author of several books on Brazilian and international issues. Among many awards and honorary titles he received the Revista Análise Social Prize 2012 (ICS-UL)…
Henrique Nuno Pires Severiano Teixeira, actual vice-rector of UNOVALisboa; he was Professor at Political Studies Department of FCSH/UNOVALisboa. Researcher in the areas of History and International Relations, Military History, European Integration, Security and Defense. He was Minister of Defense (2006-2009) and Minister of Home Affairs (2000-2002) of the Portuguese government. He was also visiting professor of Georgetown University (2000) and University California-Berkeley (2003). He Publishes “Heróis do Mar – História dos Símbolos Nacionais” (A Esfera dos Livros, 2015)




Ciclo de Conversas: Zonas de Contacto
Sessão II: Práticas e discursos de identidade nacional: o foto-livro “Portugueses” do fotógrafo Luiz Carvalho
Organização: Filomena Serra e José Oliveira, Cluster Photography and Film Studies do Instituto de História de Arte/FCSH/NOVA e Curso de Doutoramento em História da Arte da FCSH/NOVA
Mais informações


Ciclo de Conversas: Zonas de Contacto
Sessão I: O Arquivo como Cidade
Organização: Paula André; Cluster Photography and Film Studies do Instituto de História de Arte/FCSH/NOVA
Mais informações


Workshop Fotografia Impressa. Imagem e Propaganda em Portugal (1934-1974)
Apresentação pública do projeto
Organização: IHA/ FCSH/Universidade NOVA de Lisboa
Mais informações


Mesa-redonda e Lançamento N.º especial online
Revista Comunicação Pública, Nº 23 | Fotografia e Propaganda no Estado Novo Português
Mais informações


Ciclo de conversas sobre fotografia: Quando a fotografia impressa faz a História
Local: Biblioteca de Arte da Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian
Mais informações


Publicação do livro “Projectos Editoriais e Propaganda. Imagens e Contra-Imagens no Estado Novo”
Lançamento dia 16 Nov. 2020, 18h (online)




“Os objectivos científicos previstos foram plenamente atingidos. Os resultados evidenciam grande qualidade científica, nomeadamente ao nível das publicações em revistas internacionais com referee. O projecto contribuiu para a formação de jovens investigadores e para a projecção internacional da equipa envolvida.”

“The project website is very rich in what concerns information and documentation; the Final Report is extremely detailed and documented, namely with links to materials of a methodological nature, among others.
The diversity of results achieved shows the relevance of the contributions, the excellence of the activities developed within the scope of the project and the rigor of planning and implementing tasks.
Regarding unfulfilled indicators (which are residual), the progress of work towards compliance is described in a developed and consistent manner, as with the two books in print, with complete lists of contents, or with The Printed Photography (1934-1974) Database, with specified categories and quantities. On the other hand, in almost all categories, the results achieved and presented exceeded the expected indicators. The balance is largely positive.
Regarding slight deviations from the initial program, they do not, in any way, question the scope of the project, and the report indicates compensatory measures that have been taken.”



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